Totally a mountain state and a delight for the
visitors, particularly during the summer season when people flock to
this tiny hill station to escape the scorching heat of the plains. It
came into being in its present form with the partition of the Punjab
into Punjab and Haryana in 1966.
The winding roads and high passes link its high
mountains and valleys. While the picturesque valleys of Kullu and
Kangra are a blend of colors. In marked contrast the stark and barren
terrain of Lahaul and Spiti have a stunning lunar and scape-like
In the days before independence, Shimla was the most important
British hill station, and in the summer season became the summer
capital. The British in 1819A.D first discovered Shimla, but it was
not until 1822 A.D that the first permanent house was erected and not
until many years later that Shimla became the summer capital. The name
Shimla is derived from the Himalayan Goddess Shamla a synonym of Kali.
Dalhousie is named after the British Governor - General of the 19th
century Lord Dalhousie. The town's height varies between 1525m and
2378m and is surrounded by varied vegetation. Dalhousie has charming
colonial architecture, including some beautiful churches. The
spectacular snow-covered Dhauladhar Mountains are also visible from
this enchanting town.
Set against the backdrop of the dramatic Dhauladhar Mountains,
Dharamshala is perched on the high slopes in upper reaches of Kangra
Valley. It is charming town with elegant bungalows nestling in thick
coniferous forests. Dharamshala is also the home of Dalai Lama,
spiritual head of Buddhists. Little Lhasa is an enchanting world where
spinning prayer wheels and fluttering prayer flags spread the message
of peace and universal harmony.
Kullu was once known as Kulanthpitha, which means the end of the
habitable world. Beyond rose the forbidding heights of the Greater
Himalayas, and by the banks of the shining river Beas, lay the fabled
'Silver Valley'. The 'Silver Valley' has nature's treasures that lie
carelessly scattered as flowers on the high meadows.
The Valley of Gods, as the Kullu Valley has come to be known, if
perhaps the most delightful region in the Western Himalayas.
Situated on the banks of the river Beas, Kullu, the headquarters of
the district, serves as a nerve centre of the valley and is the
starting place for a number of treks.
Manali is the Northern end of the Kullu Valley and is the main
resort in the area. It is beautifully situated and there are many
pleasant walks around the town. Surrounded by towering peaks at arm
length, Manali's major asset is its proximity to the snowline, never
more than few hours drive from the town nestling at comfortable
2050meters. It is the center of the flourishing orchard industry a
popular honeymoon destination and trailhead for numerous treks.
Kinnaur, Spiti, Lahaul
Lahaul and Spiti are two remote Himalayan valleys of Himachal
Pradesh lying on the Indo-Tibet border. Strange, exciting, primitive,
these valleys are incomparable in mountain scape, in the rugged beauty
of their rocky escapements and the splendor of their snow covered
Kinnaur is one of the most scenic but less known districts of Pradesh
Located on the Indo-Tibetan border, it is surrounded by Tibet to the
east, Garhwal Himalayas to the south, Spiti valley to the north and
Kullu to the
west. The Satluj River, which rises on the southern slopes of Kailash
Parbat near Mansarovar in Tibet, flows through the Kinnaur valley.